Vitamin D deficiency causes many health risks such as bone pain and muscle weakness. In addition, it can lead to cancer, severe asthma in children, and increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease. Vitamin D deficiency is caused by poor nutrition, limited exposure to the sun, and low melatonin levels.
Causes of Vitamin D Deficiency
You don’t eat the foods that are high in Vitamin D such as fish and fish oils, egg yolks, fortified milk, and beef liver.
Vitamin D Deficiency: Limited Sunlight
Your body manufactures vitamin D when your skin is exposed to sunlight. Therefore if you are homebound, live in northern latitudes, or work indoors, you are high risk for vitamin D deficiency.
The pigment melanin reduces the skin’s ability to make vitamin D in response to sunlight exposure. Senior citizens with darker skin are at high risk of vitamin D deficiency.
Your kidneys cannot convert vitamin D to its active form. As people age, their kidneys are less able to convert vitamin D to its active form, thus increasing their risk of vitamin D deficiency.
Digestive Tract Problems
Crohn’s disease, cystic fibrosis, and celiac disease prevent your intestine’s ability to absorb vitamin D from the food you eat.
Vitamin D is extracted from the blood by fat cells, altering its release into the circulation. Obese people have low levels of vitamin D, research shows.
Testing For Vitamin D Deficiency
The most accurate way to measure how much vitamin D is in your body is the 25-hydroxy vitamin D blood test. A score of less than 12 nanograms per milliliter indicates a vitamin D deficiency.
Treatment for vitamin D deficiency involves increasing the vitamin D levels through diet and supplements.
Vitamin D is an important component of a healthy diet. Eat foods that are high in vitamin D content, get out in the sun, if possible, and take vitamin D supplements. Watch this informative video n on Vitamin D deficiency: